Monday, October 21, 2019
critique 4 (1) Essays (669 words) - Philosophy, Free Essays
critique 4 (1) Essays (669 words) - Philosophy, Free Essays Philosophy in Relation to Science, Religion, and Mythology Sidney Wright Howard University Philosophy in Relation to Science, Religion, and Mythology Karl Jaspers in Philosophical World Orientation shows the reader the contrast between philosophy and science, mythology, and religion. Philosophy is a broad field of knowledge while in science, there is no specific matter of the study; it lacks the "character" and "positivity" of religion (Jaspers ,296), and it involves to advanced thought for mythical tales. Science is a very subjective ( Jaspers 256) matter. Whenever you trying to experiment with science there has to be an object as a whole(Jasper 257). In other words, whenever you use science there must be something that you are attempting to manipulate. Science is a "cogent knowledge In other words it is logic and can be understood easily through experience and senses'(Jasper 78). Philosophy however works with many concepts or ideas that may not always be "testable. Philosophy can exist with no objects, while if objects were to disappear from the earth science would disappear as well. Science discusses, an object" while Philosophy gives that object a voice" With that being said, philosophy and science has very few distinctions because science is a step stone to philosophy. Science gives you a foundation of knowledge based on a object, but philosophy takes that expounds on it. Based on the authors description I believe Jaspers would define Philosophy as a concept that can help inv ent or publicize a commodity. Philosophy and religion has their own unique differences as well. Jasper believes that religion has positive character while philosophy lacks character"(Jasper 69 ) In other words religion no matter what it may be, gives people tangible evidence of hope in sacred texts and rituals such a prayer. Religion promises positive rewards such as eternal life If you follow certain rules. Not only does following the rules of your religion guarantee you eternal life , but it also promises blessings on Earth. Religion also answers some of the most controversial questions about the meaning of liff and other questions that could disturb someone's soul. Although philosophy attempts to answer questions regarding the meaning of life and attempts to grasp humanity's purpose" it is very different from religion. It has no sacred text, or special rituals . There is no place for anyone who practices philosophy to gather as a community. It is a completely independent journey that encourages freedom o f thought rather than the rules that religions promotes Philosophy doesn't have character because "it deals with reality instead of hopeful thought. So while the questions and answers asked in religion and philosophy may be similar, religion will alway has the same answer where philosophy may not because it is ever changing ''.Based on. Jaspers descriptions I believe he would also define Philosophy as a idea that has the power to control other while not giving them strict guidelines to follow. Lastly mythology and philosophy are different because philosophy is more relevant than mythology. Although mythology is a respectable work of literature ultimately it is only stories or tales made to question reality and meaning behind the phenomena of life.'' Philosophy does this as well, but in a way that is intellectually stimulating. It involves critical thinking, logical analysis to reach a place of total knowledge . Mythology "provides the human experience "(Jasper 125) but it does not measure to the level of thought that philosophy requires. Therefore mythology isn't a useful resource when questions about humanity and human extinction arise. Compared to religion, science and mythology i believe that The author believes philosophy quenches the thirst of knowledge more than any other subject . All of the other entities are just stepping stones reaching for the total Knowledge that is philosophy. Jaspers, Karl. Philosophy . University of Chicago Press, 1969.